Some experts recommend cutting the stems back by half before moving a poinsettia plant, but this isn’t strictly necessary. Touch the surface of the soil to determine if the plant needs water. Follow these tips to keep them looking healthy throughout the holiday season! Remove the plant from its pot and loosen the roots gently. Decorating with poinsettias always sets a festive mood, and they're relatively low-maintenance houseplants (if you can remember to water your Christmas tree, you can keep a poinsettia alive). If it is possible, how do I do this? Re-pot in early June into a larger pot, but make sure the new pot is no more than four inches wider than the original pot. Incorporate organic material, like compost, to enrich the garden soil and increase drainage. You may not get blooms again, as the plant requires very specialized lighting and treatment, but the notched foliage will still provide outstanding greenery to set off other landscape plants. Along with Christmas trees, snowmen and gingerbread houses, these decorative, colorful plants make the … Dig a hole 1 foot wider and 6 inches deeper than the pot containing the poinsettia. Here are the things to look out for when buying a poinsettia: Look for fully extended foliage without wilting or browning edges. Any diseased roots, which appear dark and soft, should be cut off with a clean, sharp knife; tease apart and cut the roots of multiple plants, if necessary. Absolutely, but there are some special requirements for this Mexican native to keep it thriving and lively. Tommy N. Albuquerque Answer: It is possible to propagate poinsettias by stem cuttings. To thrive and flower prolifically at the correct time each year, a poinsettia may need to be repotted occasionally. Careful attention to watering the soil daily is needed, and the leaves require misting regularly. Loosen the roots and place the poinsettia in the hole, filling in around the root ball. Poinsettias grow best in moist, well-drained, fertile soils. However, if a plant patent protects the plant, it is not legal. A quality, premixed, pasteurized potting soil available commercially is suitable. Containers previously used to grow plants could contain disease pathogens and require cleaning to remove debris and a disinfecting treatment with a chlorine bleach solution. When you are growing poinsettia plants outside, choose a spot with slightly acidic, well-draining soil. Can you transplant poinsettias outside in cooler regions? Follow the poinsettia care tips outlined so far, and you may find that your houseplant survives from … How many hours of sunlight does a poinsettia need? if he could replant them in his yard and enjoy them for years to come and if he could, what should he do to ensure that he gets the prettiest blooms next year. Poinsettias are a holiday staple, but once the colorful flower-like bracts are spent, they are just another houseplant. With the arrival of fall, put a box over your plant or place it in a dark closet every night from around 5PM to 8AM. Trim the old branches and flowering shoots back to 4 to 6 inches with pruning shears when the poinsettia begins to grow side shoots in late February or early March. Poinsettia Plant. Thanks a lot." How to rebloom a poinsettia. Poinsettias are often sold with multiple stems per pot but perform best in subsequent years if each stem is repotted in its own container. The Poinsettia plant is a commercially important plant.The plant is native to Mexico and there are over 100 cultivated varieties. If left unpinched, the poinsettia will grow tall and spindly. June: Move the poinsettia outside, pot and all. Poinsettias have been through it all before they even get into your hands and find a place in your home. In warm regions, you may also try moving a poinsettia plant outside in a sheltered location. Can you transplant poinsettias outside? Repotting is also warranted if the plant requires constant watering, there is a white crust of salt accumulation on the soil surface or roots are growing out of the holes in the container's bottom or breaking the container. Keep the soil fairly dry, and the plant warm until new growth occurs. Unpasteurized garden soil or topsoil from the landscape is not suitable for a poinsettia container, because it could contain pathogens and may hold too much moisture. Fall Poinsettia Care. You can then replant in the garden in a sunny spot. If you live farther north than that, your poinsettia will freeze into mush. Transplanting poinsettia plants will ensure they get plenty of root room as they grow and a new source of nutrition. Poinsettias are susceptible to stem and root diseases if the soil is heavy and retains excess moisture. Water the plant in well. Choose a cutting with a pliant stem and several small leaves at the tip. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. When repotting, remove the poinsettia from its current container by turning the container upside down with one hand on the soil surface to hold the soil in place. Keep it in a partially shaded location and maintain your watering and fertilizing schedule. Rooting stem cuttings is the best way to propagate a poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima), but rooting any kind of cutting is legal only when the plant isn't a patent-protected variety. Is it possible to take cuttings from my poinsettia plants and make new plants? © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Bold and beautiful, the poinsettia plant (Euphorbia pulcherrima) has bright petals that contain small flowers of green and yellow at the center. Pick a spot where it'll receive full sun for most of the day. If excessive potting medium falls through holes in the bottom of the container, placing a single piece of terracotta or a coffee filter in the bottom of the container keeps the medium in place. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas, floral displays. Prepare a garden bed in a sunny but protected area, such as the southern wall of your home. Remove surface soils with accumulated salts. Continue to water and fertilize your poinsettia plant in the same manner. Repotting the Poinsettia. Break up the soil if it's lumpy, and refill the hole so that the surface of the soil in the container will be level with the surrounding ground. That means northern gardeners will need to move the plant indoors by the end of summer. Poinsettias have brittle roots that are damaged by rough handling; thoroughly watering the poinsettia root mass a day or two prior to repotting makes it easier to handle. If your home is dry during the winter months, a humidifier or plant mister can help your plant stay hydrated. If you live in an area where the temperature drops below about 45 degrees at night, you will need to bring your plants indoors. Transplanting your indoor houseplants is easier than you think. They're especially fun to pair with other holiday-themed indoor plants like red succulents and Christmas cacti , or arrange with greens, berries, and baubles. Check on your poinsettia once a month. (1) Purchase healthy plants. How to Balance pH With Lime and Peat When Potting, My Christmas Cactus Got Too Much Water & Is Dying, University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: GreenShare Factsheets: Poinsettias, New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service: Poinsettias: Year After Year, Iowa State University Extension: Poinsettia Care. You can try to fool the plant into producing the colorful leaves the next season, but first you have to keep the plant healthy. Ideally, the leaves and protruding stem should be covered with a film of moisture at all times. Poinsettia's make a great Christmas plants and gifts, so ensuring you pick one that will continue to look its best throughout the silly season is essential. The University of Minnesota recommends June 15 as your target date. To force the colorful bracts, you will need to start in October providing special conditions. Alternatively, a homemade mixture composed of three parts sterilized soil, one part perlite or vermiculite and two parts organic matter like peat moss or sterile compost is appropriate. Poinsettia Plant. Damp rooting medium should be placed in the bottom of the new poinsettia container in a layer thick enough that the top of poinsettia root mass will reach an inch below the lip of the container. Place the poinsettia in the container, then gently add damp potting soil into the space around the roots. DO Prune Your Poinsettia If You Plan to Reflower It Next Year. However, to achieve re-blooming, poinsettias must have an 8 to 10 week period of long, dark nights. Yes, but make sure you wait until all danger of frost has passed. If you are using a saucer under the container, empty any standing water to prevent root rot. Come next October, start the whole process over again! How to Prune Poinsettia Plants. Loosen the roots and place the poinsettia in the hole, filling in around the root ball. Dig the hole several inches deep and wider than the root ball. Your poinsettia needs about 8 hours of sunlight. Once all of the leaves have died back, prune the bushes back to two buds and keep it … July: In early July, pinch back each stem by about one inch. If salt-covered soil was removed, it should be replaced with new soil in a layer of the same thickness. Check to see if your poinsettia's container has drainage holes. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas, floral displays. If you spot bugs on your poinsettia, dab them with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to avoid an infestation. The poinsettia should be kept in a dark, cool environment until April or May, when it should be placed outdoors or in a brightly lit spot indoors and its stems should be cut back to 6 to 8 inches above the soil line. Poinsettias require a loose, porous and well-draining soil. Nighttime temperatures must be 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (18-21 C.) for the plant to get tricked into blooming again. Known as Christmas Stars, the Poinsettia is a staple Christmas plant for the home. Therefore, it’s not a bad idea to replant your poinsettia as soon as you get it home from the store. However, it will encourage new growth which can be pinched to encourage denser plants and more bracts. Outdoors Native to Mexico, the poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) doesn't like cold. Poinsettias are tropical plants and love sunlight. Give the plant a good watering, but don't flood or soak it — gravel in the bottom of the pot will help keep the roots dry. Make sure to water the poinsettia whenever the surface of the soil feels dry. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: Indoor Plants - Transplanting & Repotting, Texas AgriLife Extension Service: House Plants, Michigan State University Cooperative Extension Service: Poinsettias, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service: The Poinsettia. The plant will benefit from half strength liquid plant fertilizer applied in early March and every 3 to 4 weeks. The poinsettia plant is native to Central […] You might be surprised to see the plant perk up quickly in a new, larger home, as its roots experience some freedom for the first time. Spring is the best time for transplanting a poinsettia into the garden, after preparing the plant. Add a light amount of fertilizer in the spring and summer. Remove the plant from the pot and gently wash the old soil from the roots. With a little luck and good care, you may be enjoying a holiday with colorful foliage for weeks. To encourage rapid re-growth, keep the plant in a sunny location and watered, fertilizing about once a month. Who doesn’t appreciate a lovely, vibrant poinsettia during the holiday season? This is to encourage a stout, well-branched plant. Removing the Poinsettia. A purchased blend with peat moss is a good choice. If needed, add... Water the plant thoroughly. Water the plant in well. Be sure it drains well to avoid root rot . Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: What Do You Do With a Poinsettia After the Holidays Are Over? It is best to repot the poinsettia at this time, when it is about to produce a flush of new growth. Firm the soil around the roots and water it well. This can cause wilting in poinsettia plants. Poinsettias (Euphorbia pulcherrima), perennial plants native to Mexico, are prized for the colorful bracts they produce in late fall that make them an excellent addition to holiday decor as potted plants. Poinsettia: Expert tips on caring for your poinsettia plant and extending its lifespan. Remember to keep them away from heat sources, drafts, and direct sunlight. Dig the hole several inches deep and wider than the root ball. Once this occurs, cut the stems back to four to six inches. Learn How to grow Poinsettia plant, poinsettia care, Growing Poinsettia and more about plants in this article. The soil should be in a thick enough layer that the top of the poinsettia root mass will be about an inch below the lip of the container. Soak the soil well, and then allow all excess water to drain away. Sever a 2 1/2- to 4-inch-long stem from the base of the poinsettia using thoroughly cleaned, sharpened pruning shears. The optimum time for transplanting is late spring to early summer. Here's how to repot a plant in five steps, including all the tools you need. When the holidays are over, consider saving your poinsettia to plant in the landscape. All container plants need good soil, the right size container and excellent drainage, and poinsettias are no exception. Poinsettia Plant Care Tips. Pinch small shoots off in order to encourage bushiness. Generally, the cutting of a poinsettia can be placed directly in soil. For more tips, including how to prune your poinsettia, read on! Choose a container that is 2 to 4 inches larger than the one in which the plant was grown. When repotting a poinsettia because it has outgrown its previous container, the new container should have a diameter no more than 2 inches larger than the previous container. Don’t transplant poinsettia plants outdoors right after Christmas. Sign up for our newsletter. Sprinkle some plant fertilizer on its soil every 2 weeks to give it a nutrients boost. Repot the plant in fresh potting soil that has good drainage. However, too much moisture can lead to easier spread of disease. Poinsettias do best in daytime temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 C.) or more and nighttime temperatures of no less than 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 C.). By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. 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Poinsettias come in a range of colors from white to orange, but are most popular in their red variety. Thoroughly water the plant in so that its root mass is at the same soil depth it was previously at. Additional Tips for Moving Poinsettia Plants As the bright red bracts fade, water the poinsettia when the soil surface is dry to a depth of 1/2 inch, and don't apply fertilizer. Bracts are the modified leaves that give poinsettia its red coloring. Keep the soil moderately moist but never soggy or completely dried out. Damp potting soil should be placed at the bottom of the larger container. Those of us lucky enough to live where there are few to no freezing periods can grow the plant directly outdoors. The water needs to be able to drain from the container because if the poinsettia sits in excess water, it will suffocate the roots. If you live in the Coastal and Tropical South (USDA Zones 9-11), you can plant it outside and it will grow into a large shrub or small tree covered with blooms each winter. Fill the hole with loose soil to bring it up to the level of the plant’s root ball. How to Grow Haworthia With Fluorescent Lights, University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: GreenShare Factsheets: Poinsettias, New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service: Poinsettias: Year After Year, Iowa State University Extension: Poinsettia Care. When you want the poinsettia to bloom, start following the darkness routine mentioned above. The secret to healthy plants is knowing how to transplant poinsettias and what continued care they need. Although often discarded when they lose their luster following the holiday season, it is possible to care for a poinsettia year-round and encourage annual blooming. Along with Christmas trees, snowmen and gingerbread houses, these decorative, colorful plants make the … Flower forms vary as well with some looking similar to a rose. Plant your poinsettia at the same depth it was growing in its previous container. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Give the plant 14 hours of darkness and 6 to 8 hours of bright light for 8 to 10 weeks. When should I repot my poinsettia? Eventually the leaves will start to drop off. The whole process will take around 10 minutes. Fill the hole with loose soil to bring it up to the level of the plant’s root ball. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Place the poinsettia in the container and gently firm damp medium into the space around the roots. The soil should be organic, sterile and loose. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Growing a poinsettia from a seed is possible, but the resulting plant is unlikely to produce seeds or to look like its parent plant. Your poinsettia plant should have a rounded shape, with dense and compact growth. After the last frost, prune your poinsettia by removing the faded red bracts. Nothing says Christmas quite like the poinsettia. Poinsettias enter a period of slowed growth following blooming when their colorful bracts fade, their leaves drop and the plant requires less light, infrequent watering and lower temperatures. Transplanting a Poinsettia The hole for a poinsettia should be wider and deeper than the root ball of the plant. When repotting, remove the poinsettia from its current container by turning the container upside down with one hand on the soil surface to hold the soil in place. Some gardeners choose to save the potted plants indoors, especially in cooler regions. Any container used for poinsettia cultivation must have enough holes to ensure adequate drainage. 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